Some activist groups believe that the GATS undermines the ability and authority of governments to regulate commercial activities within their own borders, with the effect of stealing power from commercial interests before the interests of citizens. In 2003, the GATSwatch network published a critical opinion supported by more than 500 organisations in 60 countries.  At the same time, countries are not required to conclude international agreements such as the GATS. For countries that like to attract trade and investment, the GATS adds a degree of transparency and legal predictability. Legal barriers to trade in services may have legitimate political reasons, but they can also be an effective instrument of large-scale corruption.  Although economic theory clearly argues in favour of WTO trade rules, empirical evidence of their effect is mixed. This section argues that previous studies may have underestimated the positive role of GATT/WTO accession by not taking into account the non-discriminatory nature of their agreements. In addition to market access, the agreements offer greater transparency and predictability, which benefit both WTO members and non-members. Taking these effects into account, this indicates that accession to GATT/WTO increased trade between Member States by an average of 171 % and by about 88 % for trade between Member States and third countries. Intellectual property. The WTO`s trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS) is attracting criticism from experts who have argued that WTO rules on drug patents have limited access to medicines in poor countries. The WTO affirms that the application of patent protection is essential for the development of world trade. Although Doha has stalled, WTO negotiations have continued with so-called plurilateral negotiations or agreements between subgroups of WTO members.
Plurilateral agreements are easier to negotiate because they are narrower and not all members are bound by their terms. The inclusion of core labour standards in the preamble would also lead to an investigation into human rights violations through existing WTO review mechanisms. In 1988, it was decided to regularly review the State`s trade policy conducted by the WTO, which is an essential element of the organization`s transparency.  Governments provide information to the WTO Secretariat, which submits a report which will then be considered by the General Council as the trade policy oversight body. . . .